Zuheros In Córdoba: Between Mountains, Olive Trees And Caves

Zuheros in Córdoba: between mountains, olive trees and caves

With only 42 km² and more than 600 meters above sea level, Zuheros will attract your attention for its landscapes, its tranquility and because almost all its houses are white!  This beautiful Andalusian municipality is located in the Sierra Subbética and in its surroundings are the towns of Luque and Doña Mencía, which are also worth visiting.

Zuheros,  gastronomy, caves and museums

Agricultural activity is the most important in this population. With the fruit of its olive trees, a fantastic olive oil is made, which is an indispensable part of its gastronomy, along with delicious goat cheeses.

In addition to visiting its historical-artistic complex and its natural monuments, in Zuhero you will enjoy eating like the gods.

View of Zuheros
Zuheros – Trinh Nguyen / Flickr.com

When we look for what to do in this town, the first thing that appears is the “cave of the Bats”. This cavern on the top of the mountain is 4 kilometers from the center of the town and was declared an archaeological and natural site.

It has dozens of cave paintings, in addition to being a Neolithic and Roman site. Although it has been a refuge for human beings, bats continue to live there, which is why it bears that name (you will not go under them, do not worry).

Cave of the Bat in Zuheros
Cave of the Bats – Juanjo Ferres / Flickr.com

Today you can visit the museum that exhibits prehistoric objects from the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic and Neolithic periods, such as ceramics, ornaments and bone and stone utensils.

Since we have said that Zuheros has several museums. We will detail them so that when you return from the cave you can visit them:

  • Archaeological Museum:  exhibits objects found around the cave and even a coffin found on the road on the way to Baena. Arrowheads, human remains and siles leaves are some of the items on display. There are also pots, bracelets and glasses.
  • Museum of customs and popular arts: it  recreates 28 different spaces to narrate the social and economic life of the region between the late 19th and mid-20th centuries. It has almost 3,000 pieces divided into four sectors or themes: farm and livestock implements, artisan workshops for traditional trades, typical rooms of a rural house and liberal professions.
  • Francisco Poyato Museum:  the house that houses it is Andalusian in style and was built in the 19th century. It was where the artist was born and his surrealist works (drawings, sculptures and paintings) are exhibited.
  • Juan Fernández Cruz Museum: it  is dedicated to ethnography and arises from the initiative of this doctor in Pharmacy and chronicler of Zuheros.

More attractions of Zuheros

The most outstanding buildings in the center and surroundings of the region are:

  • Zuheros Castle: It was erected on the rock during the period of Arab domination in the 9th century. Its original name was Sujayra and from there derives the name of the town. It has undergone several modifications throughout its history, especially after the conquest of King Ferdinand II, who converted it to the Renaissance style. Nearby you can see part of the 12th century walls.
Zuheros Castle
Zuheros Castle – Neftali
  • Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de los Remedios : It is the parish of Zuheros and has that title since 1569 when it is visited by the Bishop of Córdoba. At that time the Virgin had her own brotherhood and was worshiped in an old church (which is now the main altar). There three festivals are celebrated: the Purification of the Candlemas, the Annunciation and the Assumption of the Virgin on August 15.

The trails of Zuheros

If you like hiking, you cannot hesitate to explore the different paths that are offered in the surroundings of the town. They are:

  • Bailón River Trail: It has an extension of one kilometer and the walking time is around 4 hours. It is, without a doubt, perfect to get to know the Sierras Subbéticas Natureal Park. Among the most popular areas we find the Polijé de la Nava de Cabra, the Las Chorreras waterfall, the Bailón river canyon and the Fontefría fountain.
Bailón viewpoint
Bailón viewpoint – slavapolo
  • Bailón River Canyon Trail: It is of medium low difficulty and has a length of 4 kilometers that are covered in 2 hours, more or less. It begins at the Cueva de los Murcielagos and continues through the viewpoint of the Watchtower, where you can see many trees such as poplars, willows and walnut trees. Following the path, you will reach the Bailón river and its cavities, among which the Fraile cave stands out for its shape and inside which there are several Neolithic paintings.

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