We Walk Through The Plaza De España In Madrid

Surrounded by imposing buildings and with a monument in honor of Cervantes in the center, the Plaza de España is one of the most important in the Spanish capital.
We walk through the Plaza de España in Madrid

Located in the Argüelles neighborhood, Madrid’s Plaza de España is a landscaped space full of history and surrounded by stately buildings. Its fountains and gardens make this square an ideal place to rest and spend time. Do you want to know more about her?

The history of the Plaza de España in Madrid

The first thing you should know is that this square is in the center of the city and it is also one of the largest in Madrid. Given its location as the axis between Gran Vía and Calle Princesa, there are always people enjoying it.

Spain Square in Madrid
Spanish Square – Paolo Querci

Formerly, the Plaza de España in Madrid was called the Plaza de San Marcial. In addition, the blueprint for the construction of the square was not approved until 1909, being final in 1911. There were always intense debates about the expansion of Madrid in the 19th century, until it was finally decided to build the square.

The current land is a space with a fountain and gardens. However, in the reign of Felipe II it was a place full of orchards watered by the Leganitos stream. The square has never been modified, although it has been restored. However, in 2017 a project to reform it was approved by citizen vote.

Buildings surrounding the Plaza de España in Madrid

The Plaza de España in Madrid is surrounded by majestic buildings and some of the tallest towers in the capital: Torre de Madrid, Edificio España, Casa Gallardo and the Compañía Asturiana de Minas Building:

Madrid tower

Madrid tower
Madrid Tower – karel291 / Wikimedia Commons

This tall tower is 142 meters high. Thus becoming the tallest building in Madrid at the time it was built, between 1954 and 1957. It stands out for its construction made of concrete. In fact, the Torre de Madrid for several years was the tallest concrete building in the world. 

Spain building

Spain building in the Plaza de España in Madrid
Spain Building – João Campos / Flickr.com

The España Building stands out for its color and architecture. Its reddish bricks arranged in a staggered manner project a very different image from the conventional. This is the building that presides over the Plaza de España.

It opened in 1953 and has never changed its appearance. At 117 meters high and 25 floors, it has been closed for years. In the future it will become a great hotel.

Building of the Asturian Mines Company

Royal Company of Mines in the Plaza de España
Royal Mining Company Building – Milosz Maslanka / Shutterstock.com

This building is another of the constructions that crown the Plaza de España. It is a beautiful building of a very particular eclectic style made of stone, slate and brick. It was built between 1891 and 1899 and is unmistakable for its three towers.

Gallardo House

It is one of the icons of modernist architecture in Madrid, built between 1909 and 1914. Given the height of the buildings that surround the Plaza de España, it often goes unnoticed. We recommend that you look up at the corner with Calle Ferraz to see this impressive building of great beauty.

Monument to Miguel de Cervantes

Monument to Cervantes in the Plaza de España in Madrid
Monument to Cervantes – manuel mv / Flickr.com

In the center of the Plaza de España in Madrid we can see this great monument, inaugurated in 192 9. It represents two mythical characters from Spanish and universal literature: Don Quixote and Sancho Panza. Just behind you can see the figure of the great writer, who remains seated under a pedestal.

In addition, we can see a world ball at the top of the monument and the representation of the five continents. In the monument you can also see various fictional figures and the shields of countries in which Spanish is spoken.

How to get to the Plaza de España in Madrid and what to visit nearby

Spain Square in Madrid
Plaza de España – Mircea Turcan / Flickr.com

To get to Plaza de España you can always use the metro to the stop that indicates its name – lines 3 and 10-. Although if you are in the downtown area of ​​Chueca, Sol or Malasaña you only have to walk down Gran Vía. On the other hand, if you prefer the bus, numbers 3, 44, 46, 74, 75, 133, 138 and 148 have the stops around this square.

On the other hand, in addition to the Royal Palace or the Almudena Cathedral, one step away you can visit the Temple of Debod or the Cerralbo Museum.

We take a walk through the less known Madrid

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