Francisco De Goya: Brushstrokes Of His Life And Work

He is one of the greats of Spanish painting. Marked by deafness, Francisco de Goya left an extensive and varied work.
Francisco de Goya: brushstrokes of his life and his work

One of the reasons we like to travel is to visit museums to admire wonderful works of art. Well, knowing its authors is also part of the journey. Therefore, today we want to talk to you about one of the greatest Spanish painters: Francisco de Goya.

Let’s get to know Francisco de Goya better

This famous Spanish painter was born in 1746 in a town in Zaragoza, Fuendetodos. When he was just a young man, he started working with José Luzán. With him she was making prints of prints for four years. It is not known if it was there that his gift was awakened or he chose that job to unleash his talents.

The truth is that after four years of work, he decided to settle on his own to, as he himself said, ‘paint of his invention’. Apparently there were many images that Francisco’s mind had and he needed to get them out.

"The family of Carlos IV" by Francisco de Goya
“The family of Carlos IV”

Over the years his creativity took shape. Despite what he took risks and his special and whimsical shapes and forms, he did not get scholarships, endorsements, or funding from anyone. Perhaps this was one of the reasons why he had a time when he almost gave up painting.

Already more focused on his work, Goya was a cartoonist for the Royal Tapestry Factory and later a court painter. The painter would gain fame and money, by establishing himself as a great portrait painter.

But in 1792 he became seriously ill. Among the consequences would be a deafness that would mark his entire existence. Francisco de Goya began to isolate himself and produce more pessimistic and even grotesque works.

His fame, however, would not stop growing, as would his pessimism, which would be reflected in works such as “black paintings”. Goya died in 1828 in Bordeaux. Years later his remains would return to Spain and rest in the hermitage of San Antonio de la Florida in Madrid, whose frescoes are the work of this brilliant painter.

3 works by Francisco de Goya

Francisco de Goya lived 82 years and his production was enormous. Impossible to mention all his works. That is why we have chosen three very different ones that show different facets of the artist.

The naked maja

"Naked Maja" by Francisco de Goya

How could we start this list in any other way than with his most sublime work? A work surrounded by legends and mysteries. It is known that, together with his sister, La maja vestida , they were part of the cabinet of Manuel de Godoy, minister of Carlos IV.

This naked woman, lying placidly on her bed and with a sensual but innocent look at the same time, seems to have been inspired by the Duchess of Alba. However, the face seems to be a sample of the artist’s imagination and creativity.

The third of May in Madrid

"Executions of May 3" by Francisco de Goya

The 3rd of May , or The Executions , was intended to extol the bravery of the Spanish people against the French invader. A work that is completed with El dos de mayo de 1808,  or La carga de los Mamlucos . Both paintings represent two important moments of the War of Independence.

They are two of Francisco de Goya’s masterpieces, in which he focuses especially on the characters who represent the people. Works that reflect all the harshness and drama of those events. On May 3 he does so with the expressions of the protagonists, On May 2 with the movement of the scene.

“I have a burning desire to perpetuate by means of the brush the most remarkable and heroic actions or scenes of our glorious insurrection against the tyrant of Europe.”

-Francisco Goya-

General José de Palafox, on horseback

Equestrian portrait of Palafox by Francisco de Goya

Francisco de Goya went to Zaragoza in 1808 at the request of José Palafox, a general of the time who resisted the French forces who wanted to besiege Zaragoza. On this trip he took data to paint one of his paintings considered patriotic. In it Palafox is seen mounted on horseback with sword in hand.

These are just some of the works that Francisco de Goya left us. But it is impossible to resist, at least, to mention others such as Los caprichos, El parasol , Cudgel duel , El pelele or Saturn devouring his children .

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