Caleruega, One Of The Most Beautiful Towns In Burgos

Linked to the life of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Caleruega is a town with a spectacular monumental complex.
Caleruega, one of the most beautiful towns in Burgos

Caleruega is a beautiful town in the province of Burgos , in Castilla y León. It is a medieval town located within the Ribera del Duero region and whose importance lies in the fact that it is the birthplace of the founder of the Dominican Order, Santo Domingo de Guzmán. Will you accompany us to meet her?

Snippets of the history of Caleruega

Square in Caleruega
Caleruega – Luis Rogelio HM / Wikimedia Commons

It seems that the origins of this Burgos town date back to the 10th century. It must have been an important place for the Reconquest due to its walled space. A century later, King Alfonso VI el Bravo would create the Señorío de Caleruega and grant it to Don Munio Díaz de Caleruela.

This lordship would be transmitted from father to son until it reached the 5th lord of Caleruega, Don Antonio de Guzmán, who died without issue. It is then that the title of the town passes to the royal monastery. Tradition says that the Cid Campeador was there, thanks to which the Muslims of the area were defeated.

What to see in Caleruega

The history of this town, like that of its monuments, is linked to the figure of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, who was born in this town in 1170. For this reason, the main set of historical buildings that you can visit in Caleruega is the monumental complex related to his figure.

1. Torreón de los Guzmanes and Royal Monastery of Santo Domingo de Guzmán

Royal Monastery of Caleruega
Royal Monastery – Fr Lawrence Lew, OP /

The tower is an imposing construction 17 meters high and robust in appearance that dates back to the 10th century and that belonged to the family of Santo Domingo. From it you can contemplate beautiful views of the town and its surroundings.

Regarding the monastery, it is a building from the 13th century. In it you can admire a beautiful late Romanesque cloister. Here is the tomb of the Infanta Leonor, daughter of Alfonso X the Wise.

2. The church of San Sebastián

Church of san sebastian
Church of San Sebastián – Luis Rogelio HM / Wikimedia Commons

Another of the Caleruega monuments linked to Santo Domingo is this church. Dating from the 12th century, the style in which it was built is Romanesque. The presbytery and the bell tower are preserved, the rest have undergone modifications. Inside, there is a Christ on the Cross, the carving of San Sebastián and that of the Virgen de la Candelaria.

3. The church of Santo Domingo de Caleruega

The birthplace of this saint is not important either, and a small chapel was built in it, which was later expanded until it reached the current temple. It is a Renaissance church with a Latin cross inside which you will find three beautiful altarpieces dedicated to the life of the saint.

4. The Dominican convent

Caleruega Dominican Convent
Dominican convent

It is a convent built in the 20th century and in which the Blessed Juana winery is located. Tradition says that she was a pious woman who, while her husband was at war, emptied the vats of wine that she had to give to the poor of the locality. When her husband arrived, she prayed and they refilled again.

5. Other places of interest in Caleruega

In Caleruega and its surroundings you can see remains of Roman times, such as a section of Roman road that led to the city of Clunia. It is also worth visiting its traditional wineries, some of which are located in the rock of San Jorge, in caves in which it is said that the Muslims who attacked the population at the time of El Cid sheltered.

As you have seen, in Caleruega there is always a perfect plan. And also, it is part of the list of the most beautiful towns in Spain. It is a place where you can enjoy peace and good wine and where you can walk through buildings full of history and legend.

A tour of some of the most beautiful towns in Spain

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