If you have decided to travel to Italy, you should not miss the opportunity to walk through the streets of the beautiful city of Brescia. Its cultural heritage, its infrastructures and its efficient public transport have made it one of the most popular cities in the country in recent years. We offer you what you need to know for your next trip!
The origins of the Italian city of Brescia
The city of Brescia rises between the Pre-Alps and the well-known Po Valley. The Ligurians first arrived here during the Bronze Age and then the Etruscans, during the 7th century BC, approximately. These were from the first Celtic populations on the Italian peninsula.
It would finally be around the year 27 BC when what was then known as Brixia became a Roman colony. This continued until the 7th century, after the decline of the Empire, when it was named the capital of the Longobard duchy.
Other historical events were happening in the city. Among them stands out, in the year 1000 AD, the battle against Frederick Barbarossa.
Already during the 13th century, it would once again become a strategic point coveted by other large Italian cities such as Venice and Milan. After a bloody fight, it would be Milan that would take them, after a last siege attempt in the year 1438.
However, its best period would come with Venetian control at the beginning of the 15th century, when agricultural activities and great artists were favored and encouraged.
The French are also part of the history of the city of Brescia. Besieged by Napoleon’s troops, it was controlled during the time of conquests and its final incorporation into the Cisalpine Republic.
It is also important to mention that the city was also controlled by the Habsburgs, specifically by Lombardo Veneto, in 1849. The uprising of its inhabitants against the Austrian empire gave it the nickname of the Lioness of Italy.
There is no doubt that Brescia is a true fighter who has survived not only the passage of time, but also a continuous series of conquests. Thanks to this, it can be said that we are facing one of the Italian cities with the deepest cultural footprint.
What to see in Brescia
Our first stop will be the Plaza del Foro. In it, we can see the remains of what was the center of civil life for Roman citizens dating back to 73 AD In addition, in the same square are also the remains of the Capitoline temple.
Not far from the square is the Roman Theater, built in the 3rd century AD, which was also used as a capacity for assemblies.
Nor can our tour miss a stop at the Monastery of Santa Giula. This was built on an old Roman house that was extended until the middle of the Renaissance. Nearby, there is the museum with the same name, where we will find sculptures and works of art of the time.
Similarly, we recommend visiting the Duomo Vecchio, the old Romanesque-style cathedral of Brescia. Next to it, is the current cathedral of the city.
In addition, within the cultural route through the city we can visit, if we have time, several of its best-known towers, such as the Silver Tower, a medieval symbol. To crown the visit, we recommend that you leave the city to go to the Brescia Castle, perfectly preserved and which has several historical museums inside.
Helpful tips to make the most of your visit
Although Brescia has its own airport, few flights from Europe land there. If we are looking for flights at a better price and in advance, we advise traveling to some of the two airports in Milan. From here, we can take the train or the bus; the journey is not long and the prices of both are quite affordable.
We will find the tourist office in Piazza Loggia, where, in addition to getting the classic map of the city, we will be able to see the rest of the activities proposed for tourists. Getting to it is very simple, as it is perfectly signposted.
Although it is recommended to spend more than one day in the city, we will be able to see most of its tourist attractions in a full day. Brescia has all the necessary services, thanks to the large number of tourists who travel to it every year. We recommend going to visit it during the first months of the year, to avoid the large crowds and the high temperatures typical of the Mediterranean climate.
Finally, it should also be mentioned that Brescia also hosts several music festivals, among which we highlight the International Piano Festival. In the same way, it also hosts other festivals and cultural festivals such as the Mille Miglia , a classic car race that creates more excitement every year.