Throughout human history, some cultures have been capable of extraordinary feats. These have managed to awaken the admiration and astonishment of other peoples, especially due to the complexity of their works and their beauty. They are true wonders of the planet that at some point we should know.
The list of the wonders of the planet goes back to Philo of Byzantium, a Greek writer, inventor and engineer of the year 250 before our era. They also start from Maerten van Heemskrerck, a 16th century painter who painted the seven architectural wonders of the ancient world.
The cataloging of something made by human beings as a wonder is not without subjective aspects and it is conventionality to reduce these wonders to just seven. The truth is that our planet is full of great treasures of all kinds that are there to be admired.
1. One of the wonders of the planet: the Terracotta Warriors, China
The Terracotta Warriors are found inside the mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, who was the first emperor of China. They belong to the Qin dynasty, which dates back to 210 BC.
The burial was discovered in 1974, in the surroundings of Xi’an, and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. More than 8000 life-scale terracotta warriors have been found at the excavation site . An entire army in formation ready for confrontation.
These sculptures, of an impressive invoice and realism, were found between 4 and 8 meters deep. Despite the number, no two characters are the same. Life-scale horses and horse-drawn carriages were also discovered, richly decorated and inlaid with silver and gold.
2. Hagia Sophia, Turkey
Hagia Sophia or Hagia Sophia is located in Istanbul (Turkey). It was an Orthodox basilica , later converted into a mosque, and today it is a museum. Built in AD 360, the temple was dedicated to Divine Wisdom and not Hagia Sophia, as some believe.
It is famous for being the most important architectural model of the Byzantine period. It was the largest cathedral in the world for almost a thousand years. The church houses a huge collection of relics.
In the past it had a silver iconostasis over 15 meters high. During the Ottoman rule, 4 minarets and a mihrab were added as architectural details to the building. It is one of the greatest wonders of the planet.
3. The Acropolis of Athens, Greece
The Acropolis of Athens is undoubtedly the most significant of the Acropolis of Ancient Greece. The acropolis were fortifications built in the highest part of the cities and had a defensive character. It is another of the wonders of the planet.
The acropolis were also sites for the worship of the most important Greek gods. This construction was carried out at a height of 156 meters above sea level. It is also known as Cecropia, in honor of the first king of Athens, called Cecrops.
The entrance to the Acropolis is through the door of the Propylaea, which gives access to the temple of Athena Nike. In the past it contained a huge sculpture of Athena made of bronze. Also here are the Parthenon, the Erechtheion (rostrum) and the Theater of Dionysus, where the works of Aeschylus, Aristophanes and Sophocles were performed.
4. Abu Simbel, Egypt: another of the wonders of the planet
Abu Simbel is an archaeological site made up of several Egyptian temples. It is located between Lake Nasser and Aswan, 231 kilometers from its original location. The complex is part of the Nubian Open Air Museum and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.
For its construction it was necessary to excavate in the rock during the dynasty of Pharaoh Ramses II (13th century BC). The temples were erected to commemorate the victory in the Kadesh confrontation. They represent both the pharaoh and his wife Nefertari, as a show of power against the Nubian neighbors of the time.
In 1968 it was necessary to relocate these temples due to the construction of the Aswan Dam, otherwise they would have been submerged in Lake Nasser. Abu Simbel remains one of the most visited archaeological complexes in the world.
5. Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Russia
The Cathedral of the Intercession, better known as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, is an Orthodox shrine located in the city of Moscow. It is located on Red Square and is known for its beautiful and colorful bulb-shaped domes. It is also part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It was built during the reign of Ivan the Terrible, between 1555 and 1561, to celebrate the conquest of the Khanate of Kazan. The architect who designed and built this basilica was Postnik Yakovlev, who also participated in the construction of the Kazan Kremlin.
The initial concept in the construction of St. Basil’s Cathedral consisted of a set of chapels in honor of various saints. However, this idea was modified by that of a central tower that would unify these spaces into one as a symbol of unity. Its majesty makes it one of the greatest wonders on the planet.