The squares of arms of Peru are the nerve center of all its cities. In this way, they are the main public space. The most majestic buildings open to it and both public and private events take place there.
But in addition, the main squares of Peru are also green spaces, lungs of the city, a meeting and recreation place for citizens and an image outside the cities. And, above all, they are places with great history. In this article we invite you to visit the most beautiful in the country.
Origin of the squares of arms of Peru
Peru, a country of contrasts and vast expanses, was the object of large urban planning companies with the arrival of the Spanish in its territory.
Coming from a country where space was very limited, with closed medieval urbanism, the Spaniards saw Peru as a country of great opportunities in which to settle and create new cities. In their origin they were called main squares and they were the place chosen to found the city with “rope and brand”.
The most beautiful squares of arms of Peru
1. Main Square of Lima
It is the nerve center of its historic center and the country. In it is the Government Palace. There it is characteristic to see citizens and tourists crowd to see the changing of the guard, which takes place at 12 noon.
Likewise, on its other sides we can enjoy the cathedral with a Renaissance façade, the Archbishop’s Palace and the Municipality building, among others. Its beautiful wooden balconies from the colonial and republican era, from where it could be seen without being seen, open onto the square.
2. Plaza de Armas of Cuzco
This square is not new because Cuzco already existed when the Spanish arrived. Its dimensions were much larger, but it was reduced due to its great extension. Its origin is in a dried up swamp in Inca times to establish the main temples and palaces of the city there.
The imposing cathedral and the church of the Company are open to it. There are also countless restaurants and jewelry stores that have helped maintain the architecture of the beautiful galleries that surround it. It is one of the liveliest squares in the country. In its center we can find a curious sculpture of the Inca Pachacutec.
3. Main Square of Arequipa
This is the place where the city was founded in 1540 by Garcí Manuel de Carbajal. It stands out for its great beauty and luminosity due to the blue of the sky of this city.
Its location is a bit deviated from the center of the historic city, probably due to the steep unevenness of the terrain. In its center we can find one of the most beautiful fountains in the country, elevated by “el Tuturutu”, a character from the Arequipa imaginary.
Its neoclassical cathedral and three imposing white ashlar stone galleries open to it where you can enjoy both its gastronomy and its crafts. The Portal de las Flores is a mandatory stop for lovers of crafts.
4. Plaza de Armas de Ayacucho
The Plaza de Armas de Ayacucho is better known as Parque Sucre. This is because in its center an equestrian sculpture is located in honor of this marshal. A square that is the center of this city and that is the largest in the country.
It is a square of great beauty, surrounded by impressive architecture from the 16th and 17th centuries. On one of its sides we can find the building of the San Cristóbal de Huamanga University that has more than 300 years of history.
5. Cajamarca, one of the historical parades of Peru
It is one of the most historic squares in Peru, since the Inca Atahualpa was executed there in 1532. As in the other squares, we can find the cathedral, the building of the Municipality and beautiful colonial-style houses. In its center there is a carved stone fountain from the 18th century.